15 de febrero de 2019

El médico y la medicina: autonomía y vínculos de confianza en la práctica profesional del siglo XX


Link a editorial y descarga: 

http://isco.unla.edu.ar/edunla/cuadernos/catalog/book/3


Autora

Lilia Blima Schraiber

Sinopsis

Producto de la sociología espontánea, que expresa el “conocimiento” social que poseen los agentes por el mero hecho de ser parte de la sociedad, la así llamada deshumanización de la medicina suele ser pensada tanto por los profesionales de salud como por los usuarios de los servicios, como un problema de “pérdida de valores”, o como una especie de “devaluación” de la calidad moral de los prestadores de servicios, o bien como un caso paradigmático de una cierta “decadencia” de la capacidad compasiva del personal médico y de enfermería en su trato con pacientes y enfermos. Se lo percibe, por tanto, como un problema básicamente individual que se reduce al talante moral de los agentes, o que refleja su supuesta carencia de virtudes personales que se manifiesta en una falta de calidez y consideración para con quienes buscan atención médica.
Como lo muestra Lilia Blima Schraiber en este libro, el problema es enteramente de otra naturaleza. Estamos, en efecto, ante una transformación de gran envergadura del campo médico, que se inició por lo menos desde mediados del siglo pasado y cuyos signos de cambio siguen en marcha hoy en día. Se trata de una evolución anclada en bases materiales y objetivas indisolublemente vinculadas a la profundización del capitalismo en nuestras sociedades, más que a preferencias personales subjetivas o a rasgos de personalidad particulares.
Estamos ante una obra capital en el ámbito de la investigación social latinoamericana en salud, que puede leerse por lo menos desde tres perspectivas: sustantiva, sociológica y metodológicamente pero que, por su riqueza, admite otras lecturas más, por ejemplo, en clave política, histórica, o económica. El libro está llamado a contribuir significativamente a impulsar la investigación sobre la naturaleza social de los cambios que experimenta la práctica médica en nuestra región, así como a dilucidar la naturaleza de las preocupaciones y las frustraciones de los profesionales y de los usuarios de los servicios de salud. Una obra fundamental para desencantar el campo y avanzar en su conocimiento científico.

Roberto Castro (fragmentos del Prólogo)

Call for contributions (ESHHS, 2019): historical perspectives on mental capacities and psychological traits

Call for contributions: European Society for the History of the Human Sciences, 4-6 July 2019, Budapest.

 Panel: Giftedness and feebleness under scrutiny: historical perspectives on the examination of mental capacities and psychological traits

The sessions seeks to understand how and why humans were classified into certain psychological categories such as “mentally abnormal”, “gifted”, “feeble” etc. Physicians, psychologists and pedagogues designed techniques to register psychological differences among schoolchildren and (young) adults to rank and classify them. This was done for several reasons, often to undertake groupings and to guide their education and professional training while adducing reasons of mental hygiene, eugenics, industrial and educational efficiency.
In this context the concept of “abnormality”, be this feebleness or giftedness, gained prominence. Although there was no scholarly agreement on how to define these terms, there was a consensus on why it was important: the feeble should be under surveillance while gifted children would require attention to foster the full development of their capacities. Thus, conceptions of feebleness and giftedness affected education and parenting.
Historical research has yet to explain what was the social role acquired by each concept and classification system at certain place and time and why mental abnormality (feebleness, giftedness or any other mental or personal trait) had acquired such a role within Western society during the last decades of the 19th and early 20th century.
We welcome presentations from the fields of the history of psychology, medicine or pedagogy dealing with topics such as mental testing, education for the feeble or the gifted, child prodigies, biotypologies, psychotechniques and professional guidance, and related areas. 


If you are interested in joining the panel please contact Annette Mülberger (Annette.Mulberger@uab.cat) and Andrea Graus (andrea.graus@uantwerpen.be) before March 3. 

Beques predoctorals per Espanya o Portugal Inphinit-Retaining : Obra Social La Caixa

La Fundació Bancària ”la Caixa”, convençuda de la importància del progrés científic, la recerca, la mobilitat i la qualificació professional per al desenvolupament de la societat, convoca un programa de beques de doctorat per investigadors de qualsevol nacionalitaten qualsevol universitat o centre de  recerca d’Espanya o Portugal.Així mateix, amb aquestes beques es pretén formar investigadors amb habilitats curriculars addicionals perquè ampliïn les possibilitats de desenvolupament de la carrera professional, no tan sols cap a l’àmbit acadèmic, sinó també cap a la indústria o l’emprenedoria.

CfP: Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science. Theoria's Special Issue


Theoria. An International Journal  for Theory, History and Foundations of Science invites contributions for a special issue on the following topic:

Nancy Cartwright’s Philosophy of Science

Guest editors: Concha Martínez Vidal (USC) and Cristian Saborido (UNED)

Nancy Cartwright is Professor of Philosophy at the Department of Philosophy, University of Durham and at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). She is past President of the Philosophy of Science Association and was President of the American Philosophical Association (Pacific Division) in 2008.
Professor Cartwright is also co-Director of the Centre for Humanities Engaging Science and Society (CHESS) in the Department of Philosophy. Her research interests include philosophy and history of science (especially physics and economics), causal inference, causal powers, scientific emergence and objectivity, evidence, especially for evidence-based policy [EBP] and the philosophy of social technology. Her current work, for the project ‘Knowledge for Use’ [K4U], investigates how to use scientific research results for better policies. She is a member of the UK voluntary research network Policy Insight, which ‘aims to develop a new methodology for policy formulation, deliberation, evaluation and choice.’ She has worked with others on projects in this area on education, child protection, and international development. 
Professor Cartwright has written a number of books: How the Laws of Physics Lie (1983), Nature's Capacities and their Measurement (1989), Otto Neurath: Philosophy between Science and Politics [with J Cat, K Fleck & T Uebel] (1995), The Dappled World: A Study of the Boundaries of Science (1999), Measuring Causes: Invariance, Modularity and the Causal Markov Condition (2000), Hunting Causes and Using Them (2007), Causal Powers: What Are They? Why Do We Need Them? What Can be Done with Them and What Cannot (2007 Evidence Based Policy: A Practical Guide to Doing it Better [with Jeremy Hardie] (2012), ),  Evidence: For Policy and Wheresoever Rigor is a Must (2013), and she has co-edited three collections: Rethinking Order: After the Laws of Nature[with K Ward] (forthcoming), Philosophy of Social Science: A New Introduction [with Eleonora Montuschi] (2014), and Idealization XII: Correcting the Models. Idealization and Abstraction in the Sciences [with M. R. Jones] 2005.
Nancy Cartwright is a Fellow of the British Academy and a member of the American Philosophical Society (The US’s oldest academic honourary society), the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, the German Academy of Sciences (Leopoldina) and a recipient of a MacArthur Fellowship.

Nancy Cartwright was also in charge of the Lullius Lectures for the 9th Conference of the Spanish Society of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science (http://www.solofici.org/congreso2018/?page_id=17). Professor Cartwright presented three lectures on the subject "Mid-level theory: Without it what could anyone do?". As part of these activities carried out by the Spanish Society of Logic, Methodology and Philosophy of Science, researchers working on Professor Cartwright's work or on related subjects are invited to submit a paper to this special issue. 

CFP British Society For the History of Medicine

BSHM Congress 11th – 14th September 2019 at the M Shed in Bristol, UK.   
All interested are welcome to attend and to submit abstracts for 15-minute oral presentations and posters.
Themes
The Congress has 4 themes:
  • History of Medicine at Sea,
  • History of Medicine in the West of Britain
  • History of Health Care Education
  • History of Mental Illness and Mental Disability

These themes are not exclusive. Papers and posters on any aspect of the history of medicine are also welcome. 
Abstract submission will close on 31st May. 
It is hoped that a publisher specialising in maritime history, will support a monograph of presentations given in the “History of Medicine at Sea” sessions.
Further details are on our website https://bshm.org.uk/ where you can find information on how to register an interest, register as a delegate and submit abstracts. Our dedicated booking tool is at  https://www.conftool.org/bshm2019/

CfAbs: Truth and facts in the humanities and inthe sciences Bologna (Italy)

The Department of Philosophy and Communication Studies of the Alma Mater Studiorum -University of Bologna (Italy), in collaboration with other Departments of the University of Bologna (BIGeA, DIFA, DIMES, DSG, FICLIT, PSI), organizes a three-day postgraduate workshop on the notions of truth and fact(s), as conceived from different disciplinary perspectives in the humanities and in the sciences (astronomy, biology, history, law studies, literature, medicine, philosophy, psychology and semiotics).

This interdisciplinary initiative will address a number of interrelated theoretical issues crucial for the acquisition and/or the construction of reliable knowledge across the sciences and the social life.

The aim of the workshop is to bring together those working on the notions of truth and fact(s) to afford a timely snapshot of an important and emerging area of reflection. Questions to be tackled include, but are not restricted to: 

* Which notions of truth/fact(s) drive scientific research in different disciplines?

* Are the ‘truths’ of different disciplines true in different ways or is there just one way for a proposition to be true (or false)? 

* How can different views on truth and facts affect the construction of scientific knowledge, its outcomes, and different modes of dissemination? 

* How can analyses of analogies and differences between various perspectives on facts and truth help to shed light on peculiarities, relationships, and/or integrations between different scientific fields? 

* Which cognitive mechanisms are involved in detecting deception and concealed information?

The workshop will take place from 1 to 3 July 2019 at the University of Bologna. Three plenary lectures, given by leading experts in a range of disciplines, will be scheduled in the morning. In the afternoon, grad students and early career researchers (up to 3 years from completion of PhD) will have the chance to present their own research in order to discuss it and get feedback from experts on the topic.

Keynote speakers:

* Prof. Göran Sonesson (Lund) 

* Prof. Achille Varzi (Columbia) 

* Prof. Bruno Verschuere (UVA) 

Submissions from grad students and early career researchers (up to 3 years from completion of PhD) in any discipline are welcome.

Please submit a short abstract of 100 to 150 words and a long abstract of no more than 1,000 words(references included). Submissions may be in .pdf, .docx or .doc format.

Ajuts Beatriu de Pinós 2018

Oberta la convocatòria per a la concessió d'un màxim de 60 ajuts, en règim de concurrència competitiva, per a laincorporació de personal investigador postdoctoral al sistema català de ciència i tecnologia dins del programaBeatriu de Pinós (BP 2018).

14 de febrero de 2019

CfP: Lusa en la historiografía de la ciencia y de la técnica


El mes de setiembre pasado, apareció el libro "Guillermo Lusa Monforte: història, enginyeria i compromís", publicado por Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya. Iniciativa Digital Politècnica, coordinado por Antoni Roca Rosell y Albert Corominas Subias, que incluye una reflexión autobiográfica de Guillermo Lusa y una selección de escritos hasta ahora no fácilmente accesibles, tanto en la historia de la ciencia y de la técnica como en el mundo de la intervención política, incluyendo la política universitaria. El libro se puede conseguir en formato papel, pero la UPC también lo ofrece en abierto en el enlace:

13 de febrero de 2019

CfP: Aspects of the History of Cryospheric Sciences (IUGG Meeting, Montreal, 8-18 July 2019)

125 Years of the Commission Internationale des Glaciers: Aspects of the History of Cryospheric Sciences

Montreal (Canada), 8–18 July 2019
Deadline for abstract submission: 18 Feb. 2019
The cryospheric sciences have changed enormously over the last two centuries. Scientific, political and societal factors influenced research questions and conditions, as well as processes of institutionalization. Today, several associations form the disciplinary landscape. On what historical basis has the current understanding of the cryosphere been built? We invite applications to contribute to a panel on the history of cryospheric sciences as part of the annual meeting of the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics (IUGG).
Possible topics may include, but are not limited to, the following issues:
- General history of glaciology and cryospheric sciences
- Development of instruments, research practice and theories
- Early glaciological expeditions and/or research programmes
- Histories of cooperation and competition between research groups, institutions and expeditions
- Knowledge transfer between cryospheric and other earth sciences
- History of glacier or avalanche modelling
- Institutionalisation of glaciology and cryospheric sciences

Conveners:
- Samuel Nussbaumer (World Glacier Monitoring Service, University of Zurich, Switzerland)

- Dania Achermann (Interdisciplinary Centre for Science and Technology Studies, University of Wuppertal, Germany)
- Ian Allison (Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems Cooperative Research, Hobart)

Please submit your abstract referring to “C15 - 125 Years of the Commission Internationale des Glaciers: Aspects of the History of Cryospheric Sciences” via the IUGG website: http://www.iugg2019montreal.com/abstract-submission.html
More information about the IUGG Meeting Montreal: http://www.iugg2019montreal.com/index.html
For questions about the panel or the application procedure contact Dania Achermann (achermann@uni-wuppertal.de).

The invention of Humboldt

The image of Humboldt as a towering genius in the wilderness is largely an invention or fabrication.   Humboldt did not invent nature in a flash on the snowy slopes of Chimborazo.  Many of the Prussian aristocrat’s central contentions were derivative or experiential, while others were sharply contested if not flatly rejected, often for good reason.  Recent scholarship suggests that Humboldt’s itineraries, collections, concepts and images were in many cases anticipated by Hispanic Americans and made possible by pre-existing networks.  Lamentably, much popular and academic writing on Humboldt continues to cultivate a mythic or heroic image that ignores this scholarship, thereby contributing to what we call Humboldtism.  Humboldtism is a romantic rhetorical tradition with imperial and national variations that exalts the man’s solitary genius while ignoring the historicity of his views and legacies, in particular the Hispanic American origins of many of the concepts embedded in his work.
In this LAGLOBAL-FLACSO international symposium, scholars of the Hispanic American and European enlightenments will unpack the history of Humboldtism, presenting the latest research on the epistemic regimes, networks, and itineraries that enabled Humboldt’s science, rhetoric and legacies. 
This symposium coincides with the CHIMBORAZO SUMMER SCHOOL and the launch of a postgraduate degree programme at FLACSO in the HISTORY AND PHILOSOPHY OF KNOWLEDGE.
Please send 200-word abstract of paper proposal and 1-page cv by April 15, 2019 to Virginia Ghelarducci at virginia.ghelarducci@postgrad.sas.ac.uk.  For informal queries, please contact Mark Thurner at mthurner@flacso.edu.ec or Jorge Cañizares-Esguerra at canizares-esguerra@austin.utexas.edu.
Contact Info: Mark Thurner. Institute of Latin Americann Studies. School of Advanced Study. University of London

Contact Email: mark.thurner@sas.ac.uk