28 de julio de 2016

Call for Papers and Posters: Living in Emergency: humanitarianism and medicine

9th European Spring School on History of Science and Popularization
Living in Emergency: humanitarianism and medicine
Mahon (Menorca), 18-20 May 2017

Coordinated by Jon Arrizabalaga (IMF-CSIC, Barcelona), J. Carlos García-Reyes
(ICIII, Madrid), Dolores Martín-Moruno (IEH2, Université de Genève) and
Àlvar Martínez-Vidal (IHMCLópez Piñero, Universitat de València)


CALL FOR PAPERS AND POSTERS

Present-day humanitarian crises, such as the Syrian Civil War and the subsequent refugee exodus, highlight the challenges of providing emergency medical relief to populations in distress, resulting from armed conflict or catastrophe, whether provoked by natural or artificial causes. Recent publications have also echoed the increasing concern with humanitarian medicine in the contemporary world, particularly, since the creation of Doctors Without Borders (Médecins Sans Frontières) following the Biafra War. The growing importance of humanitarian medicine is also reflected in the creation of university chairs in the field, as it has become an integrated part of the curricula of numerous North American and European medical schools.
Despite its widespread use, the term “humanitarian medicine” is a relatively new term and remains vague because it refers to a collection of heterogeneous practices that have historically evolved from very different disciplines such as war medicine, nursing, epidemiology and, even, food sciences. The European Spring School [ESS] “Living in Emergency: humanitarianism and medicine”, aims to delve into this history by reconstructing emergency humanitarian interventions (mostly based on medical technologies) in wars and other disasters, from the mid-nineteenth century, (when the Red Cross movement was created) to nowadays. More specifically, the school aims at providing a historical perspective on humanitarian medicine by paying particular attention to three major issues, namely bodies, gender, and emotions through three different types of sources that are intimately linked to the development of modern humanitarianism: written narratives, photography and cinema. This multidisciplinary approach is intended to give new insights into past humanitarian action as well as to stimulate reflection on current humanitarian crises.

As in previous sessions, this ESS is structured in key-note lectures and research workshops. Lectures will be delivered by the following outstanding scholars:

- Rony Brauman (CRASH) and Bertrand Taithe (University of Manchester): Humanitarianism: Past and Present
- Sébastien Farré (Maison de l’histoire, Université de Genève): Cinema and Humanitarianism (1914-1945): mobilization and propaganda
- Dolores Martín-Moruno (iEH2, Université de Genève): Gendering humanitarian war narratives: Nursing within the history of compassion
- Francesca Piana (SUNY Binghamton, USA): Of suffering and healing: gendered bodies and emotions in the history of humanitarian photography

The ESS “Living in Emergency: humanitarianism and medicine” is open to graduate students, young scholars, professionals, and activists concerned about the past and the present of humanitarian medicine and, more generally, of emergency humanitarian action. Participants are invited to submit proposals of papers and posters which will pre-circulate and be briefly presented and discussed in the workshops. They would be expected to address such issues as:

- Humanitarian narratives, and their sources (official records, medical reports, personal writings, etc.) 
- Witnessing suffering in wars and other disasters through technologies like photography and cinema 
- Agencies and agendas (colonialism, national patriotism, internationalism, religious or political proselytism, war propaganda, etc.) in humanitarian medicine 
- The creation of emotional responses towards vulnerable bodies in humanitarian crises 
- Gender, emotions, and humanitarian action 
- Caring practices and medical technologies in humanitarian action 
- Categories of victims in wars and other disasters (wounded soldiers, prisoners, refugees, children, women, the disabled, etc.) 
- Situated knowledges versus pure science in emergency medicine 
- Relationships between humanitarian action and other spheres (national policies, international politics, international law, etc.) 
- Risk in humanitarian action and emotions (compassion fatigue, victim resentment, etc.).   

Proposals of approximately 500-600 words summarising the contents of the paper or poster, historical actors, main focus and general approach, accompanied by a brief CV (one page) of the author(s) are due by 1st October 2016. A limited number of grants (covering conference fees, accommodation and/or travel) may be available for those presenting papers and posters. Please direct proposals or queries to the ESS coordinators via the following e-mail address: ESSMahon2017@gmail.com

Further details on the current and previous sessions of this ESS are provided at the website: http://blogs.iec.cat/schct/activitats-2/escola-de-primavera/9th-european-spring-school/


Organising institutions of the 9th ESS:
- Institut Menorquí d’Estudis (IME), Maó
- Societat Catalana d’Història de la Ciència i la Tècnica (SCHCT)
- Institución Milà i Fontanals (IMF), CSIC, Barcelona
- Institut Ethique Histoire Humanités (Programme d’histoire de la médecine), Université de Genève
- Institut d’Història de la Medicina i de la Ciència López Piñero (IHMC), Universitat de València

Biografies científiques valencianes

Totes les biografies són a : 

Biografies científiques valencianes 


Conrado Granell Modesto 
Al costat de les restes de la muralla carlista de Sueca i de la maquinària reconstruïda de l’antic Molí de la Baldovina —un exemple rellevant del patrimoni hidràulic valencià— es troba el carrer Conrado Granell. L’any 1965, el consistori suecà va dedicar a Granell aquesta via com a record del seu “acendrat patriotisme” i de “l’amor a la seua terra de Sueca”. Tot i que les autoritats franquistes de Sueca van aprovar aquesta retolació, la relació de Conrado Granell amb les elits polítiques i acadèmiques no va ser senzilla al llarg de la seua vida. Continua llegint

José Soler y Sánchez 
A principi del segle XX, Gabriel Miró narrava les aventures de l’infatigable caminant Sigüenza per la muntanya alacantina, on, després de vint anys a Madrid, havia pogut tornar a beure l’agua del pueblo i sentir a la boca i en el record la dulzor de dejo amargo, pero de verdad química, que todavía es más verdad lírica. En aquest passatge d’Años y Leguas (Madrid, 1928), Miró enfrontava el protagonista de moltes de les seues novel·les amb dues aigües molt distintes. Continua llegint

Vicent Peset i Cervera
L’agost de 1917 els diaris valencians es feren ressò d’un cas d’intoxicació severa associat al menjar que servien al restaurant Miramar del grau de València. Entre les afectades, el cas de major gravetat fou el de Julia Alonso Marzal, natural de Xàtiva, qui s’havia desplaçat a València en viatge de noces i va trobar la mort a conseqüència dels aliments ingerits aquell dia al restaurant. Continua llegint

27 de julio de 2016

Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine(s): History vs. Modernity

Type: Call for Papers
Date: July 31, 2016
Location: Poland
Subject Fields: Anthropology, History of Science, Medicine, and Technology, Psychology, Health and Health Care

Traditional, Complementary and Alternative Medicine(s): 

History vs. Modernity

International Conference

4-5 November 2016 – Warsaw, Poland

Keynote speaker: Dr. Joana Almeida, University of London

The consumption of traditional, complementary and alternative medicine (TCAM) – a wide range of practices, treatments and technologies that have not been traditionally associated with the public health care system or training of conventional medical practitioners – has attracted much attention as an emerging health care issue in recent years. Practices that include but are not limited to homeopathy, osteopathy, herbal therapy and acupuncture are widely used in many countries: survey findings indicate that, in Europe, North America and other industrialized regions, over 50% of the population have used complementary and alternative medicine at least once (WHO 2003); for instance, in the UK, between seven and eleven percent of people visit CAM practitioners every year (Andrews 2002).
Over the last three decades, the developed countries have been involved in the dynamic process of camisation, the institutionalization of CAM in healthcare and applying CAM treatments and solutions in everyday life (Almeida 2012). This process has been challenging the prevailing healthcare systems and changing relationship between TCAM and the state having the potential to reverse the direction of medicalisation and to encourage demedicalisation.
The conference seeks to explore both the history and the current situation of TCAM in the world. Papers are invited on topics related, but not limited, to:
1) Mind-body interventions:
a) Psychotherapy (psychodynamic, behaviour, cognitive, supportive, body-oriented therapies);
b) support groups;
c) meditation (transcendental meditation, relaxation response);
d) imagery;
e) hypnosis;
f) biofeedback;
g) yoga;
h) dance therapy;
i) music therapy;
j) art therapy;
k) prayer and mental healing;
2) bioelectromagnetics;
3) aternative systems of medical practice:
a) professionalized health systems
  • traditional oriental medicine (acupuncture, moxibustion, acupressure, remedial massage, cupping, qigong, herbal medicine, nutrition, dietetics)
  • ayurvedic medicine (individualized dietary, eating, sleeping and exercise programs, including yoga, breathing exercises and meditation);
  • homeopathic medicine
  • anthroposophically extended medicine;
  • naturopathic medicine;
  • environmental medicine;
  • community-based health care (shamanic healing, singing, sweating);
  • urban community-based systems (Alcoholics Anonymous);
  • popular health care (from informal sources);
4) manual healing methods: physical healing methods (osteopathic medicine, chiropractic, massage therapy).
We invite proposals from various disciplines including medical sciences, history, philosophy, sociology, anthropology, literature, etc.
The language of the conference is English.


Putting History in its Place: Historic Landscapes and Environments

Type: Call for Papers
Date: October 28, 2016
Location: United Kingdom
Subject Fields: Archaeology, Architecture and Architectural History, Cultural History / Studies, Environmental History / Studies, Urban History / Studies

Putting History in its Place: Historic Landscapes and Environments - University of Chester, 21st April, 2017

Following the spatial turn in history, place, space, and landscape deserve to be recognised as fundamental categories of historical social analysis. All human action is emplaced within historically specific and contingent landscapes and environments. These are not merely canvasses on which human action is played out, but constitute active social and cultural agents in producing change. The aim of this one-day symposium, sponsored by the Royal Historical Society, is to provide a forum for scholars to consider the relationship between historical change and historic landscapes and environments.

Three plenary addresses will be given by Prof. John Blair (Queen's, Oxford), Prof. Elizabeth Tingle (De Montfort University), and Prof. William Whyte (St. John's, Oxford).
We are seeking contributions from scholars whose research speaks to these themes, across historical periods and geographical areas.
We invite proposals for 20-minute papers on themes that might include (but are not restricted to):
• Sacred landscapes: shrines, churches and chapels
• Landscape and commemoration
• Landscape and health: parks, gardens and medical practice
• Landscape and identity: communities, local and regional history
• Urban environments and material cultures
• Rural environments and agriculture
• Historic sites, buildings and heritage
• Military landscapes, battlefields and fortifications
• Travel, global encounters and the missionary landscape

CfP: Journal of Design History Special Issue - Locating Design Exchanges in Latin America and the Caribbean

Type: Call for Papers
Date: January 9, 2017
Location: United Kingdom
Subject Fields: Art, Art History & Visual Studies, Latin American and Caribbean History / Studies
Journal of Design History Special Issue
Locating Design Exchanges in Latin America and the Caribbean

Guest editors: Patricia Lara-Betancourt (Modern Interiors Research Centre, Kingston University, London, UK) & Livia Rezende (History of Design Programme, Victoria & Albert Museum/Royal College of Art, London, UK)

Call for Papers
The Journal of Design History is calling for submissions to a special volume of research articles on Locating Design Exchanges in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) to be published in 2018. Its aim is to unearth exchanges, connections and comparisons in design and material culture among Latin American and Caribbean nations and between the region and other global geographies since 1800.
With 626 million inhabitants who speak mostly Spanish and Portuguese, but also English, German, Dutch, Italian and many native languages, the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) region is a culturally rich area whose economic prosperity, social movements, biodiversity and natural resources have drawn international interest recently. Compared to other parts of the world, it has performed well after the 2008 financial crisis and is no longer associated with the problems it faced in the 1980s, when hyperinflation, recession and debt gripped the region. Latin America today may be playing a more prominent role as a member of international policy and economic organizations, yet historically the region has always actively participated in the making of a global network of economic, cultural and material exchange, from the colonial (sixteenth to eighteenth centuries) exploitation of its natural and human resources to the twentieth-century development of a ‘modern design’ ideology.
From a scholarly perspective and particularly since the 1960s there has been growing interest in the region. In the UK, the US but also in several European countries, there is no lack of undergraduate and postgraduate studies on Latin America, and the growth of design research in the region is visible. Furthermore, key museums and cultural institutions around the world, in their wish to reflect a more global approach to their collections and activities and respond to growing public interest, have accordingly increased their funding and resources on Latin America.
Design historical studies in and about the LAC region, although emerging, tend to focus on individual designers or design institutions. In Latin America, the discipline of design history has been traditionally conflated with the history of the profession and professionally designed products under a definition that mostly refers to industrial and communication design excluding, for instance, craft and interiors, among other practices. This historiography tends to replicate interpretative models commonly found in economics and politics that frame the region as dependent on so-called centres of production, and promote a perception of Latin American design and material culture as derivative, a second-rate version of a European or United States’ ideal. Moreover, research has tended to analyse design historical phenomena from nation-specific perspectives rather than regional or global ones, hindering the study of material, visual and design culture from a Latin American agency viewpoint, and obscuring its participation in wider networks of material exchange.  

Environmental Justice, Political Resistance, and Social Movements: Defying Ecological Degradation in Latin America

Type: Call for Papers
Date: August 20, 2016
Location: California, United States
Subject Fields: Cultural History / Studies, Environmental History / Studies, Indigenous Studies, Latin American and Caribbean History / Studies

UC DAVIS BRÚJULA JOURNAL CALL FOR PAPERS 
VOLUME 11 
Environmental Justice, Political Resistance, and Social Movements:
Defying Ecological Degradation in Latin America 

Throughout Latin America, disenfranchised communities continue to mobilize and engage in social movements against governmental institutions and international corporations responsible for the ecological degradation and exploitation of natural resources in cities, small towns and rural communities. Brújula invites scholars and activists to examine modes of resistance by communities whose livelihoods have been compromised due to the destruction and exploitation of resources vital to their survival. We welcome manuscripts that discuss the relevance of these social movements taking place throughout Mexico, the Caribbean, Central and South America, in addition to Equatorial Guinea and Lusophone Africa with a special focus on environmental destruction and its impact on cultural continuity in the era of post-colonialism. We especially welcome interdisciplinary research reflective of the many approaches this subject matter evokes such as: social; economic and racial inequality; historical; corruption; consumerism; displacement; gender; technology; health; indigenous movements; spirituality; land rights and workers’ rights. 

Topics may include but are not limited to: 
 Water rights (against the privatization and harmful mining practices, fracking, and hydroelectric practices) 
 Ecosystems (deforestation, irresponsible management of waste, lack of stewardship towards the land)
 Agrarian rights and land grabbing
 Toxins and air pollution; climate changes 
 Transportation 
 Occupational health rights 
 Environmental illness 
 Indigenous rights and identity 
 Rights of nature, rights to good living-- Buen Vivir 
 Biodiversity, protected areas and indigenous peoples 
 Soil, food diversity and access 
 Medicinal herbs and ethnobotany 
 Alternative healing practices 
 Song, art, literature and performance as forms of environmental resistance 
 Ecofeminism 
 Histories of environments and societies 

SUBMISSIONS 
Please submit your essay along with a cover letter that includes a brief (50-75 words) professional statement (name, academic affiliation/community organization, and standing [Community Leader/Activist, Graduate Student, Assistant/Associate/Full Professor], research interests, and or a few relevant publications), the title of your paper, and a 100-word abstract 
▫ Brújula is a peer-reviewed journal therefore manuscripts should be submitted without names. Names and email addresses should only appear on the cover letter. 
▫ Essays should be written in English, Spanish, or Portuguese. 
▫ Papers should be no more than 15-20 pages, double spaced including endnotes in addition to the bibliography. 
▫ Send manuscripts via email to: submitbrujula@ucdavis.edu. Please use Windows 1997-2004 or higher. 
▫ All articles should be formatted using the most current MLA guidelines. 
▫ Tables, diagrams, maps, photographs and artwork is the author’s responsibility and must comply with copyright laws. 
▫ Brújula only accepts original contributions. Translations of articles previously published or articles published in the same language will not be accepted. 

The deadline to submit articles is: August 20, 2016.
Contact Info: 
David Tenorio - Managing Editor

Brújula: revista interdisciplinaria sobre estudios latinoamericanos (ISSN 1542-5045) is published annually by graduate students of the University of California, Davis, under the auspices of the Hemispheric Institute on the Americas. This journal seeks to foster a dialogue between established academics and a new generation of scholars, while including original essays from a variety of fields such as Anthropology, History, Art, Music, Linguistics, Comparative Literature, Sociology, and Native American studies. With each issue, Brújula intends to highlight a theme of relevance in current debates and to create a forum that explores transnational perspectives to critical approaches.

​Brújula is indexed in the MLA Index.

Learned Societies and the Circulation of Knowledge, c.1750-2000

Call for Expressions of Interest: Learned societies and the circulation of knowledge, 1750-2000
From Aileen Fyfe and Jenny Beckman
*Please cross-post and circulate*

Are you interested in the history of the publications of a learned society or national academy – or do you know someone who is? We are planning to seek funding for a research network to compare the roles of different learned societies and national academies in the circulation of knowledge. From our own work on Britain and Sweden, we know that societies and academies have long been key players in the publication and circulation of research (especially in journals); and that these institutions typically organised their publishing operations in a manner quite different from that of the regular publishing trade. Societies and academies were motivated by a variety of non-financial goals, such as institutional reputation, national glory and the allegedly disinterested advancement of scholarship; and they used distribution methods that were quite distinct from those of the regular trade, such as gift programmes and institutional exchanges. In these days of debates about Open Access, and the growing desire to create a sustainable, non-profit-driven model for academic publishing, it seems appropriate to take a closer look at the ways in which learned societies and academies managed this in the past.

We seek collaborators with knowledge of the publishing programmes of other scholarly institutions, in Europe or elsewhere; and we are particularly interested in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries (say, 1750 onwards). Our hope is to acquire funding for a couple of research workshops in 2017 and 2018, where we can compare the experiences of different countries and institutions, and consider changes over time. We are not (currently) intending to seek major funding to support new research, so we are looking for people who already know something about learned societies and their publications.

Issues we would like to investigate include:
• How was the production managed? (Did the academy have a printing press in the basement? Or did it contract with a local bookseller? Did it have special printing privileges?)
• What type of publication(s) did the institution produce (format, periodicity), carrying what type of content (preliminary results, lengthy papers, letters, news, reviews)?
• How was the editorial process managed? (By a sole editor or a committee? Seeking referees’ opinions in person, or in writing, or not at all? Did fellows/members of the institution have special access to the journal?)
• How were the publications circulated, in what numbers, and to where? (Through the book trade? Free to fellows/members? Donated to educational institutions? Exchanged with libraries of other academies? Locally, nationally or internationally?)
• How was the publishing programme supported financially? (By members’ fees or the institutional endowment? By government grants or industrial donors? By sales?)
• Were there other ways in which the societies and academies promoted the circulation of knowledge? (e.g. by facilitating correspondence between scholars, thanks to state-granted postal privileges? Or by negotiating exemptions from customs import duties on international scientific journals and correspondence?)

If you are potentially interested in being involved in this project, please get in touch with us before August 31. You are very welcome to forward or cross-post this message, or to suggest people we should contact.

We also hope to include representatives of contemporary society/academy publishing programmes, so suggestions of suitable individuals (and an indication of why their perspective would be valuable) would also be appreciated.

Dr Aileen Fyfe (St Andrews), akf@st-andrews.ac.uk

Dr Jenny Beckman (Uppsala), Jenny.Beckman@idehist.uu.se

IHMC - Activitats Tardor 2016


Avanç de les activitats que desenvoluparem al Institut d’Història de la Medicina i de la Ciència López Piñero (IHMC) durant la tardor de 2016.

Animem a totes les persones interessades a enviar propostes de col·laboració dins de les activitats d'investigació i divulgació de l'IHMC per al proper curs acadèmic 2016-2017. També hi ha la possibilitat de fer estades curtes i col·laboracions amb els grups de recerca.

Institut d’Història de la Medicina i de la Ciència López Piñero

L'Institut d’Història de la Medicina i de la Ciència López Piñero és un centre de la Universitat de València dedicat a la investigació i la divulgació entorn als estudis històrics i socials sobre la medicina, la tecnologia i la ciència. Compta amb programes propis de Màster i Doctorat en “Història de la ciència i la comunicació científica”. També desenvolupa activitats de divulgació científica (exposicions, cicles de cinema, etc.) i seminaris d’investigació. El centre està situat en un palau restaurat del segle XVIII (Palau Cerveró) on també estan ubicades la Biblioteca historicomèdica, amb una extraordinària col•lecció de recursos bibliogràfics, i la col•lecció d’instruments cientificomèdica de la Universitat de València. Aquest edifici disposa de sales d’exposicions permanents i temporals.

JORNADES I CONGRESSOS
Seminari "Bogeria i modernitat"
21 de setembre
A càrrec de Ricardo Campos (CSIC)

Seminari “Sociability and intellectual networks: rethinking Italian Academies”
28 de setembre
A càrrec de Simone Testa (European University Institute, Florencia )

Jornada “Ciència i complexitat”

2-3 d’octubre
Amb participació d’especialistes de diversos països. Organitzat per Julian Marcelo (estudiant de doctorat de l’IHMC) amb la col•laboració de l’Institut Francès de valència.

Setmana del periodisme científic i la divulgació de la ciència .
17 d’octubre
Reunió de l’Associació de Comunicadores de Biotecnologia. Organitzat per José A. Plaza (ACB) i Martí Domínguez (UV).
19-20 d’octubre
Programa Taller d’informació ambiental per Periodistes- APIA-Revista Mètode- Contacte:
M. Josep Picó (UJI) i Martí Domínguez (UV).
Inscripcions gratuïtes: apiacorreo@gmail.com

XIV Trobada d'Història de la Ciència i de la Tècnica a Castelló de la Plana

27-29 d’octubre
Universitat Jaume I de Castelló, UJI. Amb la participació de molts dels grups de recerca pertanyents a les diferents universitats valencianes que passaran a formar part del nou Institut López Piñero. Coordinador general del comitè organitzador: Carmel Ferragud (IHMC).
La conferència plenària serà a càrrec de Naomi Oreskes, professora de la Universitat de Harvard (EE.UU.), i autora del llibre “Mercaders de dubtes”.

Seminaris “Catàstrofes artificials”
Cicle de tres conferències (dimecres) i tres sessions de cinema (dijous) durant el mes de novembre
Participen persones de diversos departaments i universitats. Organitzat per Ximo guillem (IHMC) i José Ramón Bertomeu (IHMC)

III Jornades Internacionals sobre Història de la traducció no literària
 23-25 novembre
Organitzat per Grupo TRADCyT: Brigitte Lépinette, Noelia Micó, Julia Pinilla, Natalia Campos y Mª Elena Jiménez (UV).

Seminari de Filosofía de la Ciència al voltant de l’obra de George Canguilhem
14 desembre
Amb Cristian Saborido (UNED).
Organitzat per Valeriano Iranzo (UV). Amb la col•laboració de l’Institut Francès de València.

EXPOSICIONS
* Bogeria i modernitat. Espais, pràctiques i sabers
Octubre-desembre

Inclou també un cicle de cinema “Els Rostres de la bogeria” i una conferència de Ricardo Campos (21 setembre).
Comissaris: Enric Novella (UMH) i Ricardo Campos (CSIC, Madrid).


* La Generació del 14: Ciència i modernitat
Exposició dissenyada per Acción Cultural AC/E i l. Comissari: Antonio López Vega.
Lloc: Facultat de Farmàcia (Campus de Burjassot).
Organitzat per la Facultat de Farmàcia amb la col•laboració del Grup Gadea (Programa Prometeo II/2014/015, GV), UMH, UA i l’IHMC.  Hi haurà també un col•loqui amb la presentació.

* Els sons de la medicina
Durant els mesos de novembre a març Exposició + cicle de cinema + conferències al voltant de l’estetoscopi i altres aparell de diagnòstic en medicina.
Comissari: Joan Lloret (IHMC).



CICLES CINEMA
Aula de cinema de la UV
Dijous, 18 h.
Octubre. Malalties mentals
Novembre. Tòxics, cultures, justícia
Desembre. Esperança de VIHda
FICAE
Festival de curts al voltant de la malaltia
Dimarts, 18 h.
Octubre a desembre.
Organitza: Càtedra art i malaltia (UPV). http://ficae.es/

25 de julio de 2016

The Future of Scholarly Knowledge: Principles, Pressures and Prospects - 35th Social Research conference

Type: Conference
Date: October 13, 2016 to October 14, 2016
Location: New York, United States
Subject Fields: Intellectual History, Literature, Research and Methodology, Social Sciences, History of Science, Medicine, and Technology

In the mid-20th century when pure science needed no defense, the Ivory Tower metaphor celebrated the university as a site protected from political interference, commercial pressures and short-term problem solving.  The scholarly knowledge generated there, and at similar institutions and academies, depended heavily on public funding, private philanthropy, and university donors.

Today, Webster tells us, the Ivory Tower is “an impractical often escapist attitude marked by aloof lack of concern with or interest in practical matters or urgent problems... where people make and discuss theories about problems...without having any experience with those problems.”

This change can be seen in the decades following WW II.  America’s public trust of research universities was shaped in part by the productive role of science in the war effort.  Faculty moved in great numbers to federal labs and government agencies, where they demonstrated that they could produce, from weapons to social intelligence, and that they placed public good over private gain, recognized and rewarded quality, and policed mal-practice, such as conflicts-of-interest or fraud.  This public trust has eroded.  When acceptance of the need for academic freedom and scholarly autonomy recedes, an accountability regime emerges – increasingly attached to performance metrics. 

If universities claim beneficial consequences as justification for government funds, why shouldn’t they be asked for evidence of these consequences?  If we urge evidence-based policy -- why not, then, evidence-based accountability using cost-benefit analysis to determine whether the NSF, NIH, NEA, or NEH merit taxpayer funds?

Are we at the edge of a slippery slope on which the production of scholarly knowledge will be shaped by the demand for metric-based accountability?

Join us October 13th and 14th and our panels of experts discussing what the future holds for scholarly knowledge.

This conference is made possible by the generous support from Sage Publications to the Future of Scholarly Knowledge Project.
Contact Info: 
The Center for Public Scholarship

Annals of Science Student Essay Prize


Submissions are being accepted for the Annals of Science best paper prize 2016. This prize is awarded annually to the author of an original, unpublished essay in the history of science or technology, which is not under consideration for publication elsewhere. The prize, which is supported by Taylor & Francis, is intended for those who are currently doctoral students, or have been awarded their doctorate within the past four years.
 
Essays should be submitted to the Editor in a form acceptable for publication in Annals of Science. View the Instructions for Authors (http://www.tandfonline.com/action/authorSubmission?journalCode=tasc20&page=instructions). The winning essay will be published in the Journal, and the author will be awarded US$1000 and a free subscription to Annals of Science.
 
Papers should be submitted by 30th September 2016, with the winner being notified by 31st December 2016. The Editors’ decision is final.
 
Questions and submissions should be directed to Oliver Hill-Andrews (Editorial Assistant) at annals.science@sussex.ac.uk