6 de marzo de 2021

XXIV Bienal Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural: La huella Humana en la Naturaleza

En este año en curso, 2021, se celebra el 150 aniversario de la creación de la RSEHN, por tal motivo la XXIV bienal conmemorará este acontecimiento que tendrá lugar nuevamente, en la ciudad de Valencia después de 41 años.

La XXIV Bienal será organizada por la Universitat de València a través del Museo de Historia Natural y el Jardí Botànic, así como algunos de los departamentos adscritos a la Facultat de Ciències Biològiques y la propia Real Sociedad Española de Historia Natural.

Las Ciencias Naturales son la base de la comprensión y gestión de los recursos naturales disponibles, por lo que la difusión de estos conocimientos, no solamente compete al ámbito de la educación, sino que también lo hace en el aspecto de su sostenibilidad. Además, se generará a corto y medio plazo unos resultados que favorecerán una mayor accesibilidad, eficiencia y calidad en la formación de las futuras generaciones de estudiantes que necesitan ver cómo los estudios de las Ciencias Naturales son especialmente atractivos y útiles para las demandas de nuestra sociedad actual y futura.

Para esta ocasión, junto al tema monográfico “La huella Humana en la Naturaleza”, se consideran otras áreas temáticas clásicas relacionadas con las Ciencias Naturales, a las que se suman como novedad el área relativa a la ilustración científica, en sentido amplio, y ciencia ciudadana. 

Ulr: http://rsehnvalencia.uv.es/

5 de marzo de 2021

Call for Chapters: Springer book on the historiography of science

 A new book in the Springer Series on the Historiographies of Science seeks proposals for chapters.

Title: Handbook of the Historiography of Science

Guest Editors: Mauro L. Condé (Federal University of Minas Gerais), Marlon Salomon (Federal University of Goiás) 

Springer Book Series: https://www.springer.com/series/15837  

 

The Historiography of Science

 

Throughout the twentieth century, philosophers, historians, sociologists, anthropologists, journalists, and scientists themselves have produced histories of science with varied forms of analysis. This historiography gives us a “transversal” view of scientific knowledge, analyzing both the epistemological conditions intrinsic to the production of science as well as its social, cultural, and political impacts. In short, with this rich historiography, we gained a much more diversified and complex idea of scientific activity.

 

These historiographic analyses built on the idea that science has a “historicity”. At the beginning of the twentieth century, a positivist vision prevailed, which sought to conceive a history of science that described the “objectivity” of scientific knowledge in a mere chronological succession. Throughout the same century, scholars also championed the idea that science is a social product made by women and men in well-defined contexts. These contexts contribute to the final result of what is produced by science. Today, a history of science understood primarily as description or mere representation is considered anachronistic, banished from the horizon of the science of history. We overcame a “positivist epistemology” to constructing different historiographic perspectives on the writing of the history of science as, for example, a “historical epistemology” or the analyses of the “negotiations” in science as highlighted by the sociology of scientific knowledge.  

Novedad bibliográfica: «L’enfit» o empacho. Una enfermedad popular en la Comunidad Valenciana

Autor: Roberto Campos Navarro. Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México


Adquirir libro en:
 descarga directa pdf, descarga directa epub

Descripción breve: 

El empacho (l ́enfit o empatx en lengua valenciana/catalana) es una enfermedad digestiva común y habitual en toda Iberoamérica. El diagnóstico y el tratamiento se efectúan en el ámbito familiar y comunitario con múltiples remedios caseros, pero destaca uno en especial que —casi exclusivamente— se realiza en los territorios de la Comunitat Valenciana: medir con la cinta o passar la llista para trencar l ́enfit y así curar la parà o detención del tránsito gastrointestinal.

Se trata de una práctica ritual heredada por generaciones, mayoritariamente entre mujeres, acompañada de una oración secreta que se transmite en fechas religiosas católicas significativas (Semana Santa o Navidad), y que apela a la intervención de la Sagrada Familia. Es una costumbre centenaria reconocida y practicada por la Comunitat Valenciana, con relativo desconocimiento en comunidades autónomas aledañas: Cataluña (excepto la comarca de Montsià, limítrofe con el país valenciano), Aragón, Castilla La Mancha (descontando regiones que antes formaron parte del Reino de Valencia) y Murcia. Forma curativa que fue introducida hacia América con apropiación completa en Cuba, Argentina, parte de Uruguay. El empacho es una entidad patológica muy presente en la cultura popular pero desestimada e infravalorada por la medicina académica.

La presente recopilación de textos valencianos sobre el empacho tiene su origen en una investigación histórica sobre su presencia en la medicina mexicana. Encontramos que desde el siglo XVI y hasta la actualidad, el empacho en México ha sido descrito por los médicos indígenas, misioneros españoles, bachilleres y médicos académicos, botánicos, antropólogos, entre muchos otros. Incluso en el siglo XIX se pensaba que la enfermedad era una cuestión muy local, sin percatarse que también se le podía encontrar en otras naciones del continente americano.

Precisamente indagando sobre el empacho en Centro y Sudamérica nos encontramos que tiene una fuerte presencia en Chile y la Argentina, y que en este último país se encuentra muy extendido el tratamiento popular con la medida de la cinta. Práctica que nos hizo retornar hacia su origen en España, específicamente hacia la Comunitat Valenciana.

CfA: Special Issue “(New) Histories of Science, in and beyond Modern Europe”

 Journal: Histories

Special Issue Title: (New) Histories of Science, in and beyond Modern Europe

Special Issue Editors: Volker Remmert, Dania Achermann, Cécile Stephanie Stehrenberger, Fabian Link

Deadline for abstracts of possible contributions: 30 April 2021

Deadline for final contributions: 28 February 2022

Link: https://www.mdpi.com/journal/histories/special_issues/histories_of_science


Over the past few decades, a wide array of research has been categorized as “history of science”, rendering it an extremely dynamic and diversified field. Scholars have explored a wide range of topics beyond the classical fields of the histories of the natural sciences and mathematics, including the human and social sciences as well as the humanities. They have developed and applied various methods and theoretical approaches that have emerged from a great variety of institutional settings and disciplinary contexts across the globe. In what follows, we refer to this gamut of historical approaches as histories of science. Histories of science have become a global interest and are also largely characterized by inter- and multidisciplinary practices.

 

The goal of this Special Issue is not to provide an all-encompassing overview of the research areas of histories of science; it rather aims to present them by assembling contributions on a broad spectrum of current research topics and (new) approaches that highlight their ramifications and illustrate their ties to neighboring disciplines and (interdisciplinary) areas of research, both historical studies and approaches from other disciplines and research areas—e.g., philosophy of science, science and technology studies, history of knowledge, economic history, gender studies, or intellectual history. Moreover, the contributions shall exemplify how histories of science can be written in ways that not only move across but also challenge temporal and spatial categories and categorizations, including hegemonic understandings of “modernity”, Eurocentric views of the development of science and the humanities, or certain notions of center-periphery. They shall deal with histories of specific disciplines, specific research objects and phenomena, and with various disciplinary/academic/scientific practices, thereby also exploring the historicity of certain ideals of scientificity (in the sense of the German “Wissenschaftlichkeit”) and the demarcation of science from other forms of knowledge. Moreover, some papers will be dedicated to selected methods and perspectives of current approaches in the histories of science.

CfP: Scales, Norms, and Limit Values in Times of (Digital) Change

Technical Museum Vienna | University of Vienna, 17.-19. September 2021


Scales, norms and limit values regulate procedures within production lines and transnational infrastructures; they pervade hospital wards and university lectures; they fill scientific journals and bureaucratic regulations. Scales occur in science, medicine and technology alike, and have become ubiquitous in everyday life. Scale readings help to control devices and machines. They are often the interface that users rely on. Norms, for the most part, are based on combined scales, for example technical measures and medical indicators. This is true regardless in which format a standard was defined (DIN, ISO, TGL or the ГОСТ-formats of the former USSR). Limit values are legal and technical specifications; they play an important role in long-term planning, but also in risk communication and the regulation of public life. Not least, the format of this planned conference depends crucially on the R-value in late summer. Limit values make it possible to read the environment in terms of infectiousness, toxicity or radiation exposure. But how are threshold values implemented? Does the »counter-knowledge« of citizens’ action committees or the citizen science movement contribute to their formulation?

Measurement and evaluation procedures pervade sciences and humanities alike. But a differentiated study of the scales employed in this process is still pending in the history of science, medicine and technology. And what is more, ratings, rankings and indicators draw criticism. Established scales hide possible alternatives and spaces for negotiation. In the data age, however, they are becoming more and more widespread, and are more and more freely available. It is easy to lose sight of how indeterminate many natural dimensions still were in the early modern era or the 18th century. An exact measurement scale of temperature, for example, was not available at that time.
It first had to be developed and demanded laborious intellectual and contractual negotiation. Many universal measurement units and standards arise from competitive situations, which are surprisingly national and spearheaded by industry. However, once established, the scale of temperature enabled new practices. In the 19th century, the clinical thermometer changed the view of the body and translated symptoms into data. It had ramifications as far as India, where Ayurvedic medicine and colonial medicine were newly conciliated through this instrument. The complex relationships that scales are able to mediate are brought to light when practices of scaling or data practices are investigated.

4 de marzo de 2021

Fully funded PhD: Conceptual approaches to cancer

 Fully funded PhD position on conceptual approaches to cancer

University of Bordeaux, France

Supervisor: Thomas Pradeu (Research Director at CNRS, PI Conceptual Biology & Medicine Team, ImmunoConcept, CNRS & Univ. Bordeaux)

Start date: October 1st, 2021. Duration: 3 years.

Application deadline: April 1, 2021.

Funding: SIRIC-Brio and Region Nouvelle Aquitaine

Open to: scientists and MDs interested in conceptual approaches to cancer; philosophers interested in daily and intensive interactions with biologists and/or MDs.

All details available herehttps://www.philinbiomed.org/job/phd-conceptual-cancer/

26 de febrero de 2021

CfP: Theatre about Science

This conference intends to map and reflect on the intersections between theatre and science, promote fruitful exchanges, enlarge the knowledge in the field, trace the evolution of previous trends, and identify future directions.


We welcome contributions on theatre about science, including from artistic practice and science communication. We intend to understand where they meet (and where they don’t), eventually enlightening both common and diverse motivations and perspectives, and provoking fruitful discussions.

For additional information please check the conference website at http://theatreaboutscience.com


Formats accepted in the conference:
 Oral presentation on one of the themes of the conference (duration 15 minutes).
 Discussion panel: a group of up to 4 speakers on a specific subject. Proposals must include a convenor (who will organize and lead the discussion), and an abstract on the topic of the discussion (duration 90 minutes).
 Lecture-performance related to the themes of the conference (max. duration 30 minutes).
 Workshop related to the themes of the conference (max. duration 90 minutes).

Call for Abstracts -- ESHHS 2021 Online Conference Recibidos

 The European Society for the History of the Human Sciences (ESHHS) invites submissions to its online conference to be held from June 29 to July 2, 2021. The timeframe still has to be decided on, but we will choose timeframes that are suitable for Europeans, but also allow scholars from outside Europe to join the meeting.

Oral presentations, sessions or workshops may deal with any aspect of the history of the human, behavioural and social sciences or with related historiographic and methodological issues.


Guidelines for submission


Any submission should include the following: nameemail and institutional address of the first author. Please indicate clearly the submission type: oral presentation, session or workshop.

  • Proposals for oral presentations should contain a 500-600 word abstract in English plus a short bibliography. If the presentation itself will be held in another language, please indicate this in your proposal. Oral presentations will be 20 minutes, followed by 10 minutes for discussion.
  • Proposals for a session or workshop should contain a 500-600 word rationale of the event, plus a short bibliography, as well as a short abstract for each individual contribution to the event.
  • Please send your proposal as attachment in MSWord (.doc/.docx) to the head of the programme committee: Jannes Eshuis
  • See also website: www.eshhs.eu
  • Deadline for submissions is April 1, 2021.

25 de febrero de 2021

CfP: Sciences and Humanities in the Service of Politics in Enlightenment Europe

Sciences and Humanities in the Service of Politics in Enlightenment Europe

an on-line seminar of the Institute for the History of Science and the Institute of Literary Studies, Polish Academy of Sciences, Warsaw,

marking the bicentenary of the death of Stanisław Kostka Potocki,

8th October, 2021.

Stanisław Kostka Potocki (1755-1821) belonged to the luminaries of the Polish Enlightenment. As a scholar, he was a polymath who attained eminence and recognition in the fields of literary studies, archaeology and art history. In Poland, he is even known as the ‘father’ of the latter two disciplines due to his groundbreaking treatise Winkelman polski (literally, the Polish Winckelmann), published in 1815. Also, he was interested in architectural theory, although his treatise on that subject was never finished. What is more, the Warsaw Society of the Friends of Sciences (the first Polish learned society, established in 1800) owed much to his support and intellectual engagement in the initial years of its existence. However, Potocki also achieved a lot as a politician and dignitary, serving not only as a long-standing member of parliament, but also minister and prime minister. Arguably, his greatest contribution to the Polish political history was the comprehensive reform of educational system which he headed in the Duchy of Warsaw (1807-15) and Kingdom of Poland (1815-20). It was this field in which he was able to combine his academic interests with great political ambitions.

CfA. Mechanisms: Integrating Social and Biological Perspectives. Uned-Madrid September 2021

 Department of Logic, History and Philosophy of Science. UNED-Madrid.

http://www.uned.es/dpto_log

The topic of the workshop targets the commonalities and differences of mechanisms and mechanistic approaches in the social and biological sciences, as part of an ongoing project funded by the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (MECABIOSOC:FFI2017-89639-P). In particular, the meeting’s focus is on the integration of mechanisms in the biological and social scientific disciplines. Questions to be addressed include, but are not limited to:

 

  • The integration of insights from biology and social sciences.

    • How does mechanism-based integration work?

    • How are conflicts among diverse perspectives addressed in mechanism-based frameworks?

    • Can multilevel mechanical models account for the diverse aspects / complexity of diseases (e.g., depression)?

 

·         Mechanisms and interdisciplinarity.

o    How can mechanism-based approaches contribute to the development of interdisciplinary fields (e.g., neuroeconomics)?

o    How do mechanism-based biology and mechanism-based social science relate? (collaboration, imperialism, etc.)