24 de julio de 2021

CfP: Arbor. Pensamiento, ciencia y cultura

Arbor. Pensamiento, ciencia y cultura abre el plazo de recepción de artículos para los números de 2023. 

La pandemia de la Covid-19 ha puesto en un primer plano la reflexión sobre la vida, sobre las vidas vivibles, y sobre la necesidad de situar los cuidados y las emociones en el centro. Por ello el equipo editorial de Arbor quiere invitar a reflexionar, con este telón de fondo, sobre algunos de los principales desafíos a los que se enfrentan hoy las sociedades contemporáneas.

 

1) Espacios. Arbor busca recoger propuestas que piensen sobre los cuidados del entorno en el que vivimos desde distintas perspectivas: la arquitectura, el urbanismo, la economía, la geografía, los estudios medioambientales y los estudios culturales de la ciencia, la tecnología y de género.  Así, quiere incorporar a sus páginas un debate que hoy preocupa a un sector amplio de la sociedad con la publicación de trabajos que reflexionen sobre cómo hacer los espacios más sostenibles e inclusivos.

 

2) Tiempos. Arbor quiere visibilizar los procesos de construcción de memorias y contramemorias desde espacios públicos y privados, desde las instituciones o la sociedad civil. Los paisajes, las arquitecturas, los monumentos y rituales públicos, los artefactos científicos y tecnológicos, los dispositivos funerarios, evocan memorias al tiempo que las reconfiguran y reinterpretan en función de sensibilidades morales y políticas en continua transformación.

 

3) Sonidos. Arbor propone desplazar el foco de la cultura visual a la sonora incorporando trabajos sobre los sonidos en un sentido amplio, incluyendo también silencios y ruidos. Buscamos explorar desde una perspectiva interdisciplinar los entramados sonoros entre arte, ciencia, tecnología, política y sociedad, analizando las articulaciones entre materialidades, prácticas y significados sociales.

CfP: Dossier temático. COVID-19, cuidado y tecnología

La pandemia por COVID-19, desde su aparición, ha puesto en entredicho acciones institucionales y políticas sanitarias de los más distintos gobiernos occidentales. El virus ha mostrado una existencia política reflejada en la fragilidad de los sistemas de salud y la dificultad para entenderlo, domesticarlo o controlarlo; así como en la organización de las prácticas de cuidado del personal sanitario y de la población en general. ¿De qué forma se ha contenido la pandemia? ¿Cuáles han sido las acciones que se han instrumentado para “atacar” un virus  desconocido? Estas preguntas urgentes, desde que se declaró la pandemia, han circulado en diversos niveles y espacios y no encuentran una única respuesta.

Nuestra propuesta es abordarlas de manera oblicua, abriendo una ventana analítica a las tecnologíasy a las nociones de cuidados implicadas en la existencia del virus del Covid-19. Se apuesta por cuestionar definiciones clásicas sobre el cuidado enmarcadas solo en ciertos atributos genéricos y valoraciones morales tales como generosidad, amabilidad y “amor desinteresado”. Es así que buscamos comprender la racionalidad y las prácticas del cuidado en la medida en que se ancla y organiza con la tecnología, de manera singular, en distintos escenarios sociales: hospitales, hogares, espacios públicos, etc.; además, nos preguntamos acerca de los modos en que opera la definición de cuidado desde la respons-habilidad, en términos de Dona Haraway, con las y los otros(as) humanos y no humanos. Otro aspecto de estas interrogantes es indagar sobre las implicaciones que tiene cuidar a los enfermos en sociedades e instituciones donde escasean los equipos de atención, es decir, ¿cómo se ha (re)acomodado la tecnología que ya existía a la incertidumbre del desconocimiento de cómo cuidar a una persona contagiada de COVID? ¿En qué medida el personal médico ha tenido que reorganizar o crear nuevas estrategias de cuidado que emergen ante la aparición de nuevas tecnologías, como las vacunas? O, incluso ¿de qué forma las vacunas, entendidas como tecnologías para la preservación de la vida, han concentrado expectativas sobre el cuidado con relación a la resolución efectiva de la actual crisis sanitaria y también cómo han movilizado ciertas nociones contemporáneas sobre el cuerpo, la ética y la política en articulación con el papel decisivo que desempeña la ciencia? Para la construcción del dossier se considerarán contribuciones de investigadores(as) de campos disciplinares afines a la historia de la ciencia, estudios sociales de la ciencia, tecnología y medicina y estudios de género. El objetivo es armar un numero temático para proponerlo a la Revista Arbor (http://arbor.revistas.csic.es/index.php/arbor).

23 de julio de 2021

CfP: Responses. Rulers and Subjects in Early Modern Epidemics

Resilience and adaptation to emergencies and shocks are central themes today. Reflection on the past and reconsideration of the ways in which different human groups in their complexity were able to act in difficult times help us to analyse our present and future reactions. Today, as then, under the pressure of epidemics and food crises societies transformed their sociality. Early modern people found themselves alone in front of voids that were not only demographic but also social, economic, and moral, constraining public spaces, movement, religious rites, cultural activities, economic exchanges, and the entire life. 

Epidemics offer an important point of view. Today, as then, political authorities have to adopt emergency rules and procedures and people have to act - and react - within exceptional circumstances. Early modern societies put in place several responses to epidemics, adapting reactions to contexts and managing frequent conflicts. While accelerating the birth of public health institutions, epidemics altered the existing arrangements among the various institutional bodies of early modern states. The relations between governments and communities often experienced tensions and conflicts, calling into question established rights, law and order, market mechanisms, and the mere survival of people. However, if the causes and the demographic consequences of epidemics have led to a significant group of studies, we know very little about reactions of early modern societies to these events, and about the reactions societies put in place. 

CfP: Teoria crítica e tecnologias digitais

Url: https://www.ifch.unicamp.br/ojs/index.php/teoriacritica/digtech

As tecnologias digitais surgiram e ganharam a sua própria rede interativa de comunicação no século XX, porém foi a partir do início da década de 2000 que ultrapassaram os domínios dos centros de pesquisa e industriais para atingir com um impacto forte e crescente a vida social e cotidiana das pessoas, inclusive no sul global. Hoje em dia as maiores empresas do mundo são as que oferecem plataformas digitais, grande parte dos empregos formais e informais são mediados por aplicativos, e análises preditivas moldam e intensificam a financeirização da economia. A cultura e as artes também foram invadidas pelos mais diferentes meios digitais e as interações humanas ganharam uma forma nova e um ambiente próprio com as redes sociais, que muitas vezes misturam a vida profissional, privada e pública dos indivíduos. Essas mesmas redes sociais tiveram um papel importante e crescente nas decisões políticas em todo o globo terrestre, ao ponto de serem centrais para a articulação de movimentos e para a eleição de representantes.

A teoria social se debruçou de diferentes maneiras sobre a relação entre essas tecnologias e as sociedades contemporâneas na tentativa de apreender criticamente os seus pressupostos e as suas consequências mais atuais. Isso fez com que alguns temas se estabelecessem na pesquisa: a investigação das condições de produção dessas novas tecnologias, de seus nexos com o capital e de seus problemas econômicos e sociais; o estudo da transformação das nossas subjetividades e visões de mundo levada em frente pelos objetos e meios digitais e das dificuldades envolvidas na formação e na dinâmica das esferas públicas digitais e de suas comunidades são exemplos desses temas. Além disso, acadêmicas e intelectuais do mundo todo também vem apontando para o caráter militarizado, racista e sexista dos códigos que desenham a performance de máquinas e aparelhos que vão desde câmeras com reconhecimento facial até descritores de histórico de crédito.

CfP: Applied Historical Methods for the Environment

Sponsored by the Consortium for the History of Science, Technology and Medicine, the group will meet monthly to broadly explore the use of primary historical sources in studies of environmental economics, policy, law, and science.  

Please submit your original manuscripts or working papers to present for feedback by August 15. 

Paper and presentation submissions can be submitted at: https://www.chstm.org/wgpaperwgpaper

We are also open to proposed reading lists that feature secondary sources from environmental fields so long as you can obtain samples of cited primary historical sources from the archives for analysis.  All are welcome to join the conversation.  

Once you have joined the Workshop, you will be invited to register and set up a profile in order to attend virtual workshops and participate in a group message board. 

Questions can be sent to convener Amy Coombs, Social Science Teaching Fellow at The University of Chicago. Special thanks to Fredrik Albritton-Jonson at The University of Chicago. 

Applied Historical Methods for the Environment:  Today mathematicians, economists, and social scientists make regular use of historical sources: to estimate historical populations for studies of endangered species listings, trace energy demand, restore and preserve ecological features, debate climate impacts, and report trends in emissions, pollution, land conversion, and water use.  Yet historians too rarely engaged in these practical applications of their methods.  Our consortium will meet monthly to critique, explore, and develop methods for applying archival and collections research as well as historiographical analysis to projects in environmental policy, law, and economics. How can historians contribute a more robust and critical analysis of historical sources in order to forward major environmental debates?   We will explore the methods that historians can contribute to environmental problem solving and critique the limits of projects that rely on historical sources for data analysis.  We will question the role of historical methods in reproducing environmental narratives within the context of empirical, predictive, and mathematical methodologies.  Sessions will explore peer-reviewed publications to examine the diverse uses of historical sources for qualitative and quantitative research. Primary source analysis will focus on the historical manuscripts, rare books, data, and surveys used in peer-reviewed environmental publications and highlight the integration of archival and historical methods with digital humanities curation, data mining with R, and ArcGIS for spatial analysis.  Presentations of original environmental reconstructions, narrative analysis, designs, and data projects are also welcome.  


CfP: Critical Theory and Digital Technologies

Special issue on Critical Theory and Digital Technologies

Digital technologies emerged and formed their own interactive networks of communication in the 20th century, but it wasn’t until the beginning of the 2000s that they went beyond research centers and specialized companies to reach people’s everyday life, including in the Global South. Today, the largest corporations are those focused on digital platforms, work is mediated by apps, and predictive analytics shapes and intensifies the financialization of economy. Moreover, multiple digital media began to percolate through the domains of art and culture, so that human interactions gained new forms and new environments, such as social networks, which fuse people’s professional, personal and public lives. Social networks have also been occupying a central role in politics all over the world, from social movements to electoral campaigns.

Many scholars have delved into the relation between digital technologies and contemporary societies, aiming to critically examine the assumption and the consequences of the former’s expansion. Among the topics analyzed by contemporary critical theories are: the conditions of production of new technologies, the nexus between technology and capital, the economic and social consequences of digitization, the ways in which digital objects transform our subjectivities and world views, and the issues digitization pose to the emergence and functioning of communities and public spheres. In addition, scholars from all over the world have been unravelling the militarized, racist and sexist aspect underlying digital devices, from facial recognition software to algorithms for credit analysis.

CfP: The “Vichy parenthesis’’ ? Trajectories of academics and disciplinary reconfigurations during the Occupation and the immediate post-war period

Special issue of Philosophia Scientiæ 27/1 (February 2023)

 

Guest editors:

Nicolas Brisset, Christophe Eckes, Céline Fellag, Raphaël Fèvre

 

Submission Deadline: January 1st 2022

Acceptance notification: April 1st 2022

Final version due: September 1st 2022

 

Description

This thematic issue aims to bring together contributions from specialists in the history of law, social sciences, economics, and exact sciences in order to complete or to question the historiography devoted to academic disciplines, universities, or scientific institutions during the Occupation of France and the immediate post-war period. Since the 1990s and the 2000s, global studies have been devoted to universities under the Vichy regime [Gueslin 1996], as well as to the purge of academics [Singer 1997] and [Rouquet 2010]. Monographs have also been devoted to universities or Grandes Écoles during the Second World War, as shown by the examples of the École polytechnique [Baruch, Guigeno 2000], the École normale supérieure [Israël 2005], the Reichsuniversität Strassburg and the University of Strasbourg which was transferred to Clermont-Ferrand since September 1939 [Crawford and Olff-Nathan 2005], [Baechler, Irgesheim, Racine 2005] and [Möller 2020]. The historiography on academic disciplines under the double constraint of the Vichy regime and the occupying power has also been significantly enriched in recent years, as evidenced by [Chandivert 2016], [Eckes 2018], [Gouarné 2019] as well as [Brisset and Fèvre 2021].

CfP: Palgrave Studies in Medieval and Early Modern Medicine (PSMEMM) - Springer Nature

Series Editors: Jonathan Barry (Exeter) & Fabrizio Bigotti (CSMBR, Wurzburg)

The series focuses on the intellectual tradition of western medicine as related to the philosophies, institutions, practices, and technologies that developed throughout the medieval and early modern period (500-1800). Partnered with the Centre for the Study of Medicine and the Body in the Renaissance (CSMBR), it seeks to explore the range of interactions between various conceptualisations of the body, including their import for the arts (e.g. literature, painting, music, dance, and architecture) and the way different medical traditions overlapped and borrowed from each other. The series particularly welcomes contributions from young authors.

We will consider proposals from colleagues working on any aspects of the Medieval and Early Modern Period. We accept single monographs as well as edited collections and translations/editions of texts, either at a standard length (70-120,000 words) or as Palgrave Pivots (up to 50,000 words). 

 

For more information, please visit https://www.springer.com/series/16206 or reach out to the editors at: psmemm@csmbr.fondazionecome.org

21 de julio de 2021

PhD Opportunity: Philosophy of Astrobiology at Durham, UK

We are now seeking to recruit a PhD candidate to join our collaborative interdisciplinary research project, Exploring Uncertainty and Risk in Contemporary Astrobiology (EURiCA), funded by the Leverhulme Trust and led by Peter Vickers at Durham. I have reproduced below the explanation of this project from my previous blog post. The candidate will be based at Durham and supervised by Peter (Durham Dept. of Philosophy), me (Edinburgh), and Chris Greenwell (Durham Dept. of Earth Sciences). Click here to download the PhD studentship advertisement. The application deadline will be August 15th.

Seeking In Vivo Editor for Endeavour journal

Endeavour, an international journal for the history and philosophy of science, published by Elsevier, is seeking a section editor for its In Vivo section.

In Vivo features short conversational papers where authors leverage their expertise in history and philosophy of science (HPS) to comment on present-day issues of general concern to readers. They demonstrate how HPS offers valuable insights and perspectives on modern problems and/or innovative solutions in addressing those problems. They consider how questions of today may indeed have precedents, both historical and philosophical, and yet offer an opportunity to rethink our standard narratives through interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary considerations. In Vivo is a place where authors can be visionary, experimental, provocative, and perhaps even playful in engaging their readers in issues of general concern while showcasing the value of HPS-informed perspectives.

The editor will possess a keen interest in recruiting submissions for the section, for instance by actively promoting the opportunity to potential authors through a range of networks and by leveraging social media, listservs, professional society groups, etc. The person will possess familiarity with conventions for writing or blogging for general audiences in a style aligned with informed opinion-editorial (OpEd) writing, in other words, conversational writing that is research-informed, in contrast to standard, scholarly communications of research. The In Vivo editor will possess strong communications skills, an interest in editing and publishing, training in HPS and/or allied disciplines, and effective collaboration skills.